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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 95, No. 2, 2000, pp. 243-245
Bioline Code: oc00042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 95, No. 2, 2000, pp. 243-245

 en Short Communication: Hepatitis B Virus Exposure in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seropositive Cuban Patients
Licel Rodríguez; Fernando Collado-Mesa; Ulices Aragón; Belkis Díaz & Juan Rivero

Abstract

In order to estimate the prevalence of serological markers of exposure to Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), 295 subjects were selected at random from the National Registry of human immunodeficiency virus positive subjects. Evidence of exposure to HBV was defined as: testing Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-Hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) positive or anti-HBc positive only. Overall, 133 (45.5%) were positive for anti-HBc and 15 (5.1%) resulted positive to HBsAg. Significant statistical association was found between male sex and exposure to HBV (p<0.01). Homosexual or bisexual behavior was found to be strongly associated to HBV exposure (p<0.001). In conclusion, the prevalence of HBV serological markers is higher in Cuban HIV positive subjects compared to the Cuban general population.

Keywords
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) - Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) - anti-Hepatitis B core antigen (HBc)

 
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