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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 95, No. 5, 2000, pp. 685-688
Bioline Code: oc00106
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 95, No. 5, 2000, pp. 685-688

 en Distinction of Males of the Lutzomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) Species Complex by Ratios between Dimensions and by an Artificial Neural Network (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae)
Carlos Brisola Marcondes & Paulo SS Borges

Abstract

The females of the two species of the Lutzomyia intermedia complex can be easily distinguished, but the males of each species are quite similar. The ratios between the extra-genital and the genital structures of L. neivai are larger than those of L. intermedia s. s., according to ANOVA. An artificial neural network was trained with a set of 300 examples, randomly taken from a sample of 358 individuals. The input vectors consisted of several ratios between some structures of each insect. The model was tested on the remaining 58 insects, 56 of which (96.6%) were correctly identified. This ratio of success can be considered remarkable if one takes into account the difficulty of attaining comparable results using traditional statistical techniques.

Keywords
Psychodidae, Phlebotominae, artificial neural networks

 
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