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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 97, No. 4, 2002, pp. 477-483
Bioline Code: oc02090
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 97, No. 4, 2002, pp. 477-483

 en Risk Zones of Human Leishmaniases in the Western Mediterranean Basin. Correlations between Vector Sand Flies, Bioclimatology and Phytosociology
Philippe Rispail; Jacques Dereure & Daniel Jarry

Abstract

Correspondence analysis was applied to sand fly sampling in 865 stations from the Western Mediterranean basin. The position of each of 24 species was determined with respect to the bioclimatic belts. Thus, the multidimensional analyses manifest clear correlations between bioclimatic belts and their expression in the area, the phytosociological groupings, and vector species of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases. The transfer of these data to usual maps allows to delimit the geographical distribution of these diseases in the Western Mediterranean basin and contributes to the determination, in a rational manner, of the high risk zones.

Keywords
sand flies - leishmanial foci - bioclimatic belts - phytosociological groupings - correspondence analysis - Western Mediterranean basin - Morocco

 
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