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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 98, No. s1, 2003, pp. 145-149
Bioline Code: oc03022
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 98, No. s1, 2003, pp. 145-149

 en Relationships of New World Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) Based on Fossil Evidence
José Dilermando Andrade Filho & Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil


The fossil record and systematics of phlebotomid sand flies, vectors of leishmaniasis and arbovirus in several regions of the world, strongly support that living genera existed long before the Oligocene (38 million years, myr). A common Phlebotominae ancestor was present in the Triassic period before the separations of continents (248 myr).

Diptera - fossil Phlebotominae - sand flies - evolution

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