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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 98, No. s1, 2003, pp. 181-190
Bioline Code: oc03027
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 98, No. s1, 2003, pp. 181-190

 en Ecological Analysis of Acari Recovered from Coprolites from Archaeological Site of Northeast Brazil
Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira de Candanedo Guerra; Gilberto Salles Gazêta; Marinete Amorim; Antonio Nascimento Duarte & Nicolau Maués Serra-Freire

Abstract

Coprolite samples of human and animal origin from the excavations performed at the archaeological site of Furna do Estrago, at Brejo da Madre de Deus in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil and sent to the Paleoparasitology Laboratory at Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública-Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, were analyzed for mites. After rehydratation and sedimentation of the coprolites, the alimentary contents and the sediments were examined and the mites collected and prepared in definitive whole mounts, using Hoyer's medium. Mites of the following suborders and orders were recovered: suborder Acaridia; order Gamasida; order Ixodida with the familiy Ixodidae (Ixodes sp. and Amblyomma sp. larvae, scutum, idiosoma, gnathosoma); order Oribatida ( Aphelacarus check for this species in other resources sp., Apolohmannia check for this species in other resources sp., Eophypochthonius check for this species in other resources sp., Cosmochthonius check for this species in other resources sp., Pterobates check for this species in other resources sp., Poronoticae with pteromorphae not auriculate); order Astigmata with the families Atopomelidae ( Chirodiscoides caviae check for this species in other resources ), Anoetidae hypopus check for this species in other resources , Acaridae ( Suidasia pontifica check for this species in other resources ), Glycyphagidae ( Blomia tropicalis check for this species in other resources ), Pyroglyphidae ( Hirstia passericola check for this species in other resources ); order Actinedida with the family Tarsonemidae ( Iponemus radiatae check for this species in other resources ). The present work discusses the possibility of the preservation of the mite groups found up to the present day. We also discuss their relationship with the environment and their importance to present populations.

Keywords
mite - paleoparasitology - coprolite - Northeast Brazil

 
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