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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 98, No. 1, 2003, pp. 25-29
Bioline Code: oc03034
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 98, No. 1, 2003, pp. 25-29

 en Epidemiological Features of Rotavirus Infection in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil, from 1986 to 2000
Divina das Dôres de Paula Cardoso; Célia Maria Almeida Soares; Menira Borges de Lima Diase Souza; Marli da Silva Pereira de Azevedo; Regina Maria Bringel Martins; Divina Aparecida de Oliveira Queiróz; Wilia Marta Elsner Diederichsen de Brito; Veridiana Munford & Maria Lúcia Rácz

Abstract

A total of 2,605 faecal specimens from children up to 10 years old with or without diarrhoea were collected. Samples were obtained from 1986 to 2000 in hospitals, outpatient clinics and day-care centers in Goiânia, Goiás. Two methodologies for viral detection were utilized: a combined enzyme immunoassay for rotavirus and adenovirus and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Results showed 374 (14.4%) faecal specimens positive for Rotavirus A, most of them collected from hospitalized children. A significant detection rate of rotavirus during the period from April to August, dry season in Goiânia, and different frequencies of viral detection throughout the years of study were also observed. Rotavirus was significantly related to hospitalization and to diarrhoeal illness in children up to 24 months old. This study reinforces the importance of rotavirus as a cause of diarrhoea in children and may be important in regards to the implementation of rotavirus vaccination strategies in our country.

Keywords
rotavirus - gastroenteritis - epidemiology - seasonality - Goiás - Brazil

 
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