The aim of this work was to study the larvicidal activity of Lippia sidoides
essential oil against Aedes aegypti
larvae. The essential oil and its hydrolate (saturated solution of essential oil in water) were obtained by vapor extraction and their chemical composition determined by GL-chromatography coupled to mass spectroscopy. Bioassays were run with the essential oil, pure and diluted hydrolate and with their main constituents thymol and carvacrol. The results obtained showed that L. sidoides
essential oil and its hydrolate have larvicidal action against the mosquito A. aegypti
, causing an almost instantaneous mortality. Thymol, an alkylated phenol derivative and one of the major components of L. sidoides
essential oil, was identified as the active principle responsible for the larvicidal action, causing 100% larval mortality at the lowest tested concentration of 0.017% (w/v). These results suggest that the essential oil of L. sidoides
is promising as larvicide against A. aegypti
and could be useful in the search of newer, more selective, and biodegradable larvicidal natural compounds to be used in official combat programs and at home.