Triatoma infestans check for this species in other resources - Rhodnius prolixus check for this species in other resources - Rhodnius pallescens check for this species in other resources - antennal-sensilla - Chagas disease - laboratory-rearing"/>
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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 99, No. 1, 2004, pp. 25-30
Bioline Code: oc04005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 99, No. 1, 2004, pp. 25-30

 en Changes Associated with Laboratory Rearing in Antennal Sensilla Patterns of Triatoma infestans check for this species in other resources , Rhodnius prolixus check for this species in other resources , and Rhodnius pallescens check for this species in other resources (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae)
SS Catalá; DM Maida; H Caro-Riaño; N Jaramillo & J Moreno

Abstract

We examined changes in the array of antennal sensilla of three species of Triatominae ( Triatoma infestans check for this species in other resources , Rhodnius prolixus check for this species in other resources , and R. pallescens check for this species in other resources ) following their establishment for different periods in laboratory culture. In each case, the laboratory colonies were compared with conspecific samples taken directly from the field, by quantitative analysis of the sensilla arrays on the three distal segments of the antenna in terms of the densities of three types of chemoreceptors (basiconics and thick and thin walled trichoids) and one type of mechanoreceptor (bristles). Sensilla densities were compared by ANOVA or non-parametric tests, and by multivariate discriminant analysis. Strains of the same species reared in different laboratories showed significant differences in their sensilla arrays, especially when compared to field-collected material from the same geographic origin. A Bolivian strain of T. infestans reared in the laboratory for 15 years and fed at monthly intervals, showed greatest differences from its conspecific wild forms, especially in terms of reductions in the number of chemoreceptors. By contrast, an Argentine strain of T. infestans reared for 25 years in the laboratory and fed weekly, showed a relative increase in the density of mechanoreceptors. A Colombian strain of R. prolixus reared for 20 years and fed weekly or fortnightly, showed only modest differences in the sensilla array when compared to its wild populations from the same area. However, a Colombian strain of R. pallescens reared for 12 years and fed fortnightly, did show highly significant reductions in one form of chemoreceptor compared to its conspecific wild populations.

For all populations, multivariate analysis clearly discriminated between laboratory and field collected specimens, suggesting that artificial rearing can lead to modifications in the sensory array. This not only supports the idea of morphological plasticity in these species, but also suggests caution in the use of long-established laboratory material for experimental studies designed to extrapolate the natural behaviour and physiology of these species.

Keywords
Triatoma infestans check for this species in other resources - Rhodnius prolixus check for this species in other resources - Rhodnius pallescens check for this species in other resources - antennal-sensilla - Chagas disease - laboratory-rearing

 
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