Entamoeba histolytica actually comprises two genetically distinct but morphologically indistinguishable species. E. histolytica
can cause invasive intestinal and extra intestinal disease, while E. dispar
cannot. Identification and differentiation of E. dispar
and E. histolytica
in stool sample by microscopy is imprecise. Several weeks of culture and isoenzyme analysis are required to differentiate E. histolytica
from E. dispar
. In this study, we have used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of E. histolytica
/E.dispar and compared it with microscopy. Eighty-eight samples were evaluated, trichrome staining was positive in 20.4% (18) and ELISA was positive in 29.5% (26). Both tests were positive in 14 (15.9%) samples, 4 (4.5%) only with direct microscopy, and 12 (13.6%) only with ELISA. Both tests were negative in 58 (65.9%) samples. Microscopy has low sensitivity and high specificity, low negative predictive value and high positive predictive value in comparison with ELISA.
antigen detection ELISA tests are inexpensive compared to the specific tests, yield objective results and do not require experienced microscopists and can therefore be recommended for screening of stools worldwide and the results can be taken for treatment that are fitting with its clinic.