The comprehension of the pathogenesis of Trypanosoma cruzi
-elicited myocarditis is crucial to delineate new therapeutic strategies aiming to ameliorate the inflammation that leads to heart dysfunction, without hampering parasite control. The augmented expression of CCL5/RANTES and CCL3/MIP-1α, and their receptor CCR5, in the heart of T. cruzi
-infected mice suggests a role for CC-chemokines and their receptors in the pathogenesis of T. cruzi
-elicited myocarditis. Herein, we discuss our recent results using a CC-chemokine receptor inhibitor (Met-RANTES), showing the participation of CC-chemokines in T. cruzi
infection and unraveling CC-chemokine receptors as an attractive therapeutic target for further evaluation in Chagas disease.