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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 100, No. 8, 2005, pp. 925-928
Bioline Code: oc05184
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 100, No. 8, 2005, pp. 925-928

 en Candida check for this species in other resources colonization in intensive care unit patients' urine
Xisto Sena Passos; Werther Souza Sales; Patrícia Jackeline Maciel; Carolina Rodrigues Costa; Karla Carvalho Miranda; Janine de Aquino Lemos; Miranildes de Abreu Batista & Maria do Rosário Rodrigues Silva

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify possible predisposing factors for candiduria in intensive care unit (ICU) patients from Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil, during one year. Urine samples from 153 ICU patients were obtained by catheterization on admission day and every seven days. Data such as sex, age, antifungal therapy, and variables as antibiotics, underlying diseases or comorbid conditions and stay in the hospital, were collected from patients who had at least one urine culture that yielded ≥ 103 yeast colonies/ml. Candiduria was recovered in 68 patients and the commonest predisposing factors were antibiotic therapy (100%) and indwelling urinary catheter (92.6%). The percentage of Candida check for this species in other resources spp. isolation increased during the extended periods in which patients remained in the ICU. Candida albicans check for this species in other resources was isolated in 69.1%, and the other species non-albicans as Candida glabrata check for this species in other resources , Candida kefyr check for this species in other resources , Candida parapsilosis check for this species in other resources , Candida famata check for this species in other resources , Candida guilliermondii check for this species in other resources , Candida krusei check for this species in other resources , and Candida tropicalis check for this species in other resources were isolated in lower percentage. The high frequency of candiduria and the possible predisposing factors found in ICU patients show that candiduria surveillance should be performed to help reducing nosocomial infections.

Keywords
nosocomial infections - predisposing factors - intensive care unit - Candida spp. - Brazil

 
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