A total of 221 strains of Aeromonas
species isolated in Mexico from clinical (161), environmental (40), and food (20) samples were identified using the automated system bioMérieux-Vitek®. Antisera for serogroups O1 to 044 were tested using the Shimada and Sakazaki scheme. The K1 antigen was examined using as antiserum the O7:K1C of Escherichia coli
. Besides, we studied the antimicrobial patterns according to Vitek AutoMicrobic system.
Among the 161 clinical strains 60% were identified as A. hydrophila
, 20.4% as A. caviae
, and 19.25% as A. veronii
biovar sobria. Only A. hydrophila
and A. veronii
biovar sobria were found in food (55 and 90% respectively) and environmental sources (45 and 10% respectively). Using "O" antisera, only 42.5% (94/221) of the strains were serologically identified, 55% (121/221) were non-typable, and 2.5% (6/221) were rough strains. Twenty-two different serogroups were found, O14, O16, O19, O22, and O34 represented 60% of the serotyped strains.
More than 50% of Aeromonas
strain examined (112/221) expressed K1 encapsulating antigen; this characteristic was predominant among Aeromonas
strains of clinical origin. Resistance to ampicillin/sulbactam and cephazolin was detected in 100 and 67% of Aeromonas
strain tested for their susceptibility to antibiotics. In conclusion, antibiotic-resistant Aeromonas
species that possess the K1 encapsulating antigen and represent serogroups associated with clinical syndrome in man are not uncommon among Aeromonas
strains isolated from clinical, food and environmental sources in Mexico.