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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 101, No. 2, 2006, pp. 157-161
Bioline Code: oc06030
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 101, No. 2, 2006, pp. 157-161

 en Serogroups, K1 antigen, and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Aeromonas check for this species in other resources spp. strains isolated from different sources in Mexico
Ramón I Arteaga Garibay; Ma Guadalupe Aguilera-Arreola; Armando Navarro Ocaña; Silvia Giono Cerezo; Miroslava Sánchez Mendoza; José Molina López; Carlos Eslava Campos; Alejandro Cravioto & Graciela Castro-Escarpulli

Abstract

A total of 221 strains of Aeromonas check for this species in other resources species isolated in Mexico from clinical (161), environmental (40), and food (20) samples were identified using the automated system bioMérieux-Vitek®. Antisera for serogroups O1 to 044 were tested using the Shimada and Sakazaki scheme. The K1 antigen was examined using as antiserum the O7:K1C of Escherichia coli check for this species in other resources . Besides, we studied the antimicrobial patterns according to Vitek AutoMicrobic system.
Among the 161 clinical strains 60% were identified as A. hydrophila, 20.4% as A. caviae, and 19.25% as A. veronii biovar sobria. Only A. hydrophila and A. veronii biovar sobria were found in food (55 and 90% respectively) and environmental sources (45 and 10% respectively). Using "O" antisera, only 42.5% (94/221) of the strains were serologically identified, 55% (121/221) were non-typable, and 2.5% (6/221) were rough strains. Twenty-two different serogroups were found, O14, O16, O19, O22, and O34 represented 60% of the serotyped strains.
More than 50% of Aeromonas strain examined (112/221) expressed K1 encapsulating antigen; this characteristic was predominant among Aeromonas strains of clinical origin. Resistance to ampicillin/sulbactam and cephazolin was detected in 100 and 67% of Aeromonas strain tested for their susceptibility to antibiotics. In conclusion, antibiotic-resistant Aeromonas species that possess the K1 encapsulating antigen and represent serogroups associated with clinical syndrome in man are not uncommon among Aeromonas strains isolated from clinical, food and environmental sources in Mexico.

Keywords
Aeromonas - serogroups - resistance patterns - K1 antigen

 
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