The present work provides information on Trypanosoma cruzi
genotype circulating in endemic areas of Chagas disease in Panama. A total of 26 crude stocks of T. cruzi
, isolated from the blood of persons with different clinical profiles of Chagas disease were collected and crio-conserved until used. Most of the stocks had been characterized by means of isoenzyme electrophoresis on cellulose acetate membranes. The clinical profiles of infected persons included 9 (34.6%) asymptomatic and 17 acute (65.4%) including 5 (19.2%) fatal cases, 2 under 5 years old and 3 adults. A multiplex-PCR assay based on the amplification of the non-transcribed spacer of the mini-exon gene was performed. All stocks of T. cruzi
included in the study were found to correspond to Tc I group. This result supports the predominance of T. cruzi
-I in the transmission cycles affecting the human population in the Republic of Panama.