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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 101, No. 5, 2006, pp. 543-546
Bioline Code: oc06091
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 101, No. 5, 2006, pp. 543-546

 en Dynamics of feeding and defecation in Triatoma vitticeps check for this species in other resources (Stal, 1859) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) and its potential in the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi check for this species in other resources
Claudiney Biral dos Santos; Gustavo Rocha Leite; Paulo Augusto Sessa & Aloísio Falqueto

Abstract

Adults of Triatoma vitticeps check for this species in other resources infected by flagellates similar to Trypanosoma cruzi check for this species in other resources are frequently captured by the inhabitants of rural areas in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo. The dynamics of feeding and defecation were observed in three groups of adult triatomines, consisting of sylvatic T. vitticeps and laboratory-reared specimens of this species and T. infestans. Triatomines were observed from the moment they were presented with an immobilized chicken as a bloodmeal source until 240 min after feeding had ended. Mean times between the end of feeding and defecation for T. infestans, wild T. vitticeps and laboratory-reared specimens of the latter species were 1.2, 21.1, and 64 min respectively. All T. infestans defecated within 10 min of feeding, while only 29.9 of wild and 52.8% laboratory-reared specimens of T. vitticeps did so within this period. These results may explain the low efficiency of T. vitticeps in T. cruzi transmission to man. The shorter time between feeding and defecation in laboratory-reared T. vitticeps may indicate a change in behaviour of this species as a result of adaptation to an artificial environment.

Keywords
Triatoma vitticeps - feeding behaviour - defecation - vector potential - Trypanosoma cruzi

 
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