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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 102, No. 1, 2007, pp. 53-57
Bioline Code: oc07008
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 102, No. 1, 2007, pp. 53-57

 en Circulation of Campylobacter spp. in rhesus monkeys ( Macaca mulatta check for this species in other resources ) held in captivity: a longitudinal study
Andrade, Márcia Cristina Ribeiro; de Oliveira Gabeira, Sanny Cerqueira; Abreu-Lopes, Danielle; Esteves, Wagner Thadeu Cardoso; de Castro Britto Vilardo, Mônica; D'arc da Silva Thomé, Jacqueline; Cabello, Pedro Hernan & Lauria-Filgueiras, Ana Luzia

Abstract

Campylobacteriosis is an extremely important zoonosis, circulating freely in the environment. In nonhuman primates kept in open facilities and bred for experimental purposes, the presence of Campylobacter spp. could cause severe damage to the production and interfere with the results of scientific research. In this paper, we assessed the circulation of Campylobacter spp. in a colony of clinically healthy rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) destined to research. The analysis was carried out during seven non-consecutive years. Data showed that despite several changes made in animal management along the studied years in order to control this zoonosis, reduction of bacterial charge did not occur. Significant differences among the age groups and sex were observed. Infants showed higher susceptibility than adult animals. In general males were more infected than females. Modifications adopted in the handling techniques need to be reviewed with the intent of improving the production, reducing bacterial infection of the stock and avoiding undesirable cross reactions in the research carried out with these animals. Therefore, this paper alerts professionals that work directly with captive rhesus monkeys about the risks of Campylobacter spp. infection and possible interference on the experimental procedures.

Keywords
nonhuman primates - campylobacteriosis - animal management

 
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