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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 102, No. 6, 2007, pp. 725-731
Bioline Code: oc07116
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 102, No. 6, 2007, pp. 725-731

 en Comparative evaluation of different immunoassays for the detection of Taenia solium check for this species in other resources cysticercosis in swine with low parasite burden
Gomes, Andréia Bartachini; Soares, Killarney Ataíde; Bueno, Ednéia Casagrande; Espindola, Noeli Maria; Iha, Alberto Hiroshi; Maia, Antônio Augusto Mendes; Peralta, Regina Helena Saramargo & Vaz, Adelaide José


Seven swine were experimentally infected with Taenia solium check for this species in other resources eggs and blood samples from each animal were periodically collected. At the end of the experiment (t140) the animals did not show clinical aspects of cysticercosis or parasites in tongue inspection. All animals were slaughtered and cut into thin slices in searching for cysts. The number of cysts found in each animal varied from 1 to 85. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests for antibody (Ab) detection and for antigen (Ag) detection were performed, which presented respectively 71 and 57% of positivity.
By immunoblot (IB), using 18/14(T. crassiceps Ag) or lentil-lectin-purified glycoproteins from T. solium Ag (LLGP) as Ag, five (71%) and six (86%) animals were positive, respectively. The association between Ag-ELISA with any IB (18/14 or LLGP) allowed the detection of all animals at 140 days post-experimental infection (days p.e.i.). The use of IB 18/14 combined to the Ag-ELISA allowed the detection of all animals since 70 days p.e.i., and the association between IB LLGP and Ag-ELISA allowed the detection of all animals since 112 days p.e.i. While all animals could be considered healthy by conventional screening tests, the use of immunoassays for detecting Ab and Ag showed better accuracy; therefore it would be more useful than usual clinical examination for screening cysticercosis in slightly infected pigs.

swine cysticercosis - larval antigens - antibodies - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay - immunoblot

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