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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 102, No. s1, 2007, pp. 41-44
Bioline Code: oc07132
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 102, No. s1, 2007, pp. 41-44

 en Current situation of Chagas disease in Central America
Ponce, Carlos

Abstract

Chagas disease in Central America is known since 1913 when the first human case was reported in El Salvador. The other Central American countries reported their first cases between 1933 and 1967. On October 1997 was launched the Central American Initiative for Chagas Disease Control (IPCA). The objectives of this sub-regional Initiative are: (1) the elimination of Rhodnius prolixus check for this species in other resources in Central America; (2) the reduction of the domiciliary infestation of Triatoma dimidiata check for this species in other resources ; and (3) the elimination of the transfusion transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi check for this species in other resources . Significant advancements being close to the elimination of R. prolixus in Central America and the control of the transfusion transmission has been a transcendent achievement for the sub-region. The main challenges that the IPCA will have in the close future are: developing effective strategies for control and surveillance of T. dimidiata; and surveillance of other emerging triatominae species like R. pallescens, T. nitida, and T. ryckmani.

Keywords
Chagas disease - Trypanosoma cruzi - Rhodnius - Triatoma - Central America - transmission control - prevention

 
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