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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 103, No. 8, 2008, pp. 831-835
Bioline Code: oc08149
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 103, No. 8, 2008, pp. 831-835

 en Molecular Characterization of Hepatitis A Virus Isolates From Goiânia, Gioás, Brazil
Fiaccadori, Fabíola Souza; Pereira, Maristela; Coelho, Alexandre Siqueira Guedes; Borges, Ana Maria Tavares; Parente, Juliana Alves; Soares, Célia Maria de Almeida & Cardoso, Divina das Dôres de Paula


Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is a public health problem worldwide and the virus has been classified into six genotypes. In Brazil, the only genotype that has been found is genotype I, predominately from subgenotype IA. Here, the HAV genotypes were analyzed of 18 isolates circulating between 1996-2001 in Goiânia, state of Goiás, Brazil. Viral RNA was extracted from 18 serum samples and amplified (RT-PCR/nested-PCR), followed by the genomic sequencing of the VP1/2A junction region of the HAV genome. Sequences of 168 nucleotides were compared and analyzed using the BLAST N, Clustal X and PAUP v. 4.10b programs. All samples were classified as genotype I, with 10 belonging to subgenotype IA and eight to subgenotype IB. The subgenotype IA isolates showed greater diversity than the subgenotype IB isolates at the nucleotide level. Elevated identity values were found between isolates obtained in this study and those from other regions of the world, including Brazil, highlighting the high conservation among different isolates of this virus. However, changes in the HAV subgenotype circulation could also be observed during the evaluated period.

acute hepatitis - nucleotide sequencing - subgenotype IA - subgenotype IB

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