The genus Listeria is composed of six species of which Listeria monocytogenes
is considered the single pathogenic species that causes listeriosis in humans. Of the 13 serovars of L. monocytogenes
, 1/2a, 1/2b and 4b are responsible for the majority of clinical cases. The aim of this work was to detect L. monocytogenes
in the cerebrospinal fluid sample of premature newborns and to characterize this sample using biotyping, serotyping and molecular typing. The results indicated the presence of L. monocytogenes
in the clinical sample studied. Moreover, the isolate was identified as the 4b serovar that was characterized by the presence of a unique 691 bp band after analysis using the Multiplex-PCR technique. The results of repeated Multiplex-PCR and sequencing have indicated that the L. monocytogenes
isolate was an atypical 4b serovar, which is the first time this finding has been reported.