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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 104, No. 6, 2009, pp. 878-884
Bioline Code: oc09185
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 104, No. 6, 2009, pp. 878-884

 en Citral and carvone chemotypes from the essential oils of Colombian Lippia alba check for this species in other resources (Mill.) N.E. Brown: composition, cytotoxicity and antifungal activity
Mesa-Arango, Ana Cecilia; Montiel-Ramos, Jehidys; Zapata, Bibiana; Durán, Camilo; Betancur-Galvis, Liliana & Stashenko, Elena

Abstract

Two essential oils of Lippia alba check for this species in other resources (Mill.) N.E. Brown (Verbenacea), the carvone and citral chemotypes and 15 of their compounds were evaluated to determine cytotoxicity and antifungal activity. Cytotoxicity assays for both the citral and carvone chemotypes were carried out with tetrazolium-dye, which showed a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect against HeLa cells. Interestingly, this effect on the evaluated cells (HeLa and the non-tumoural cell line, Vero) was lower than that of commercial citral alone. Commercial citral showed the highest cytotoxic activity on HeLa cells. The antifungal activity was evaluated against Candida parapsilosis check for this species in other resources , Candida krusei check for this species in other resources , Aspergillus flavus check for this species in other resources and Aspergillus fumigatus check for this species in other resources strains following the standard protocols, Antifungal Susceptibility Testing Subcommittee of the European Committee on Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing and CLSI M38-A. Results demonstrated that the most active essential oil was the citral chemotype, with geometric means-minimal inhibitory concentration (GM-MIC) values of 78.7 and 270.8 μg/mL for A. fumigatus and C. krusei, respectively. Commercial citral showed an antifungal activity similar to that of the citral chemotype (GM-MIC values of 62.5 μg/mL for A. fumigatus and 39.7 μg/mL for C. krusei). Although the citronellal and geraniol were found in lower concentrations in the citral chemotype, they had significant antifungal activity, with GM-MIC values of 49.6 μg/mL for C. krusei and 176.8 μg/mL for A. fumigatus.

Keywords
Lippia alba - essential oil - antifungal activity - cytotoxicity - monoterpenes

 
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