This study investigated some epidemiological aspects of the Mansonella ozzardi
in municipality of Coari, Amazonas.
Clinical symptoms were correlated with the filarial infection and the parasitic infection rates (PIR) were estimated in simuliid vectors.
The general M. ozzardi
human prevalence rate was 13.3% (231/1733), of which 10.2% (109/1069) were from the urban area and 18.4% (122/664)
from the rural area. The prevalence rates were higher in men (14.5% urban and 19.7% rural) than in women (6.7% urban and 17.2% rural)
and occurred in most age groups. The indices of microfilaremics were higher in people ≥ 51 years old (26.9% urban and 61.5% rural).
High prevalence rates were observed in retired people (27.1% urban area), housewives and farmer (41.6% and 25%, respectively,
in rural area). The main clinical symptoms were joint pains and sensation of leg coldness. Only Cerqueirellum argentiscutum
(Simuliidae) transmits M. ozzardi
in this municipality (PIR = 5.6% urban and 7.1% rural). M. ozzardi
is a widely distributed
parasitic disease in Coari. Thus, temporary residency in the region of people from other localities involved with the local
gas exploitation might be a contributing factor in spreading the disease.