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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 105, No. 3, 2010, pp. 246-253
Bioline Code: oc10043
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 105, No. 3, 2010, pp. 246-253

 en Mansonella ozzardi check for this species in other resources in Amazonas, Brazil: prevalence and distribution in the municipality of Coari, in the middle Solimões River
Martins, Marilaine; Pessoa, Felipe Arley Costa; de Medeiros, Maurício Borborema; de Andrade, Edmar Vaz & Medeiros, Jansen Fernandes

Abstract

This study investigated some epidemiological aspects of the Mansonella ozzardi check for this species in other resources in municipality of Coari, Amazonas. Clinical symptoms were correlated with the filarial infection and the parasitic infection rates (PIR) were estimated in simuliid vectors. The general M. ozzardi human prevalence rate was 13.3% (231/1733), of which 10.2% (109/1069) were from the urban area and 18.4% (122/664) from the rural area. The prevalence rates were higher in men (14.5% urban and 19.7% rural) than in women (6.7% urban and 17.2% rural) and occurred in most age groups. The indices of microfilaremics were higher in people ≥ 51 years old (26.9% urban and 61.5% rural). High prevalence rates were observed in retired people (27.1% urban area), housewives and farmer (41.6% and 25%, respectively, in rural area). The main clinical symptoms were joint pains and sensation of leg coldness. Only Cerqueirellum argentiscutum check for this species in other resources (Simuliidae) transmits M. ozzardi in this municipality (PIR = 5.6% urban and 7.1% rural). M. ozzardi is a widely distributed parasitic disease in Coari. Thus, temporary residency in the region of people from other localities involved with the local gas exploitation might be a contributing factor in spreading the disease.

Keywords
filariasis, mansonelliasis, black flies, Amazonia

 
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