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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 105, No. 4, 2010, pp. 449-453
Bioline Code: oc10077
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 105, No. 4, 2010, pp. 449-453

 en Clinical and laboratory evaluation of schistosomiasis mansoni patients in Brazilian endemic areas
Pereira, Luciano Fernandes; Gazzaneo, Andrei Leite; de Melo, Roberta Maria Pereira Albuquerque; Tenório, Hugo Cabral; de Oliveira, Darlan Silva; Alves, Maria Sonia Correia; Gama, Danielle Correia & Wyszomirska, Rozangela Maria de Almeida Fernandes

Abstract

A total of 60% of the territory of Alagoas (AL) is considered endemic for the occurrence of schistosomiasis and the classification of clinical forms of the disease are not known. This paper aimed to evaluate an endemic schistosomiasis population in AL, taking into account the prevalence, classification of the clinical forms and the results of laboratory analyses. The sample consisted of residents in endemic areas. The participants were submitted to a stool examination by the Kato-Katz technique and the diagnosis was based on the reading of two microscopic slides for each sample. The patients whose examinations were positive for schistosomiasis mansoni were submitted to a clinical examination and blood collection. Based on this examination, 8.11% of the study population were positive for schistosomiasis. The medium parasite load was 79.1 ± 174.3 eggs. The intestinal (90.57%) and hepatointestinal (9.43%) forms were found at statistically significant levels (p < 0.001). The results of the present study update information on schistosomiasis in the city of Rio Largo. These data, although referring only to three locations in that city, suggest a decrease either in the parasite load or in the severity of clinical forms.

Keywords
schistosomiasis mansoni - clinical evaluation - laboratory evaluation

 
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