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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 105, No. 7, 2010, pp. 889-894
Bioline Code: oc10150
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 105, No. 7, 2010, pp. 889-894

 en Sand flies of Nicaragua: a checklist and reports of new collections
Raymond, Russell W.; McHugh, Chad P. & Ker, Sara F.


Sand flies within the genus Lutzomyia serve as the vectors for all species of the protozoan parasite Leishmania in the New World. In this paper, we present a summary of the 29 species of Lutzomyia and one of Brumptomyia previously reported for Nicaragua and report results of our recent collections of 565 sand flies at eight localities in the country from 2001-2006. Lutzomyia longipalpis check for this species in other resources was the predominant species collected within the Pacific plains region of western Nicaragua, while Lutzomyia cruciata check for this species in other resources or Lutzomyia barrettoi majuscula check for this species in other resources were the species most frequently collected in the central highlands and Atlantic plains regions. The collection of Lutzomyia durani check for this species in other resources (Vargas & Nájera) at San Jacinto in July 2001 is a new record for Nicaragua. Leishmaniasis is endemic to Nicaragua and occurs in three forms: cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Cutaneous infections are the most prevalent type of leishmaniasis in Nicaragua and they occur in two different clinical manifestations, typical cutaneous leishmaniasis and atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis, depending on the species of the infecting Leishmania parasite. The distribution of sand flies collected during this study in relation to the geographic distribution of clinical forms of leishmaniasis in the country is also discussed

Lutzomyia - Nicaragua - species checklist - Leishmania - Lutzomyia durani

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