Cytokines and visceral leishmaniasis: a comparison of plasma cytokine profiles between the clinical forms of visceral leishmaniasis|
Costa, Alinne Silva Andrade; Costa, Graciomar Conceição; de Aquino, Dorlene Maria Cardoso; de Mendonça, Vitor Rosa Ramos; Barral, Aldina; Barral-Netto, Manoel & Caldas, Arlene de Jesus Mendes
It is not well established whether cytokine production differs in response to different clinical forms of visceral
leishmaniasis (VL). In this work, we performed a cross-sectional study to investigate the plasma levels of cytokines [inteferon (IFN)- γ, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-12] involved in the pathogenesis of VL in 80 subjects from VL endemic areas, including subjects with active VL, subjects with asymptomatic infection, subjects with curved VL and uninfected controls. The patients were recruited by sampling from a referral hospital and by random selection from a population-based cohort study. The results showed significant differences in the plasma concentration of all cytokines between the groups (p < 0.05). Patients with the active disease had higher plasma levels of IL-10, IL-4, INF-γ and TNFα relative to the other groups and they produced mpre IL-12 than asymptomatic and cured subjects. Only the IL-2 concentration was higher in the asymptomatic and cured sub-jects relative to he patients with active disease (p < 0.05). Our results suggest that these cytokines can be used as markers in epidemiological studies conducted in endemic areas to distinguish between different clinical forms of VL. However, their usefulness should be confirmed in investigations conducted in other endemic areas.
cytokines - visceral leishmaniasis - clinical forms