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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 107, No. 8, 2012, pp. 1064-1067
Bioline Code: oc12176
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 107, No. 8, 2012, pp. 1064-1067

 en Genotyping of gastroenteric viruses in hospitalised children: first report of norovirus GII.21 in Brazil
Ferreira, Mônica Simões Rocha; Garcia, Rita de Casia Cubel; Xavier, Maria da Penha Trindade Pinheiro; Ribeiro, Rubia Lane; Assis, Rosane Maria; Mota, Maria do Céu MS; Leite, José Paulo Gagliardi; Miagostovich, Marize Pereira & de Oliveira, Solange Artimos

Abstract

This retrospective study (April-September 2003) was designed to investigate the roles of the main viruses responsible for cases of acute infantile gastroenteritis in hospitalised children up to two years of age. The viruses were identified in 64.7% (88/136) of the cases and the detection rates of rotavirus A (RVA), norovirus (NoV) and astrovirus were 41.9% (57/136), 30.3% (24/79) and 12.7% (7/55), respectively. RVA and NoV were detected in 20 of the 24 reported nosocomial infection cases. This study identified the first circulation of the genotype NoV GII.21 in Brazil and highlights the need to establish differential diagnoses through active laboratorial surveillance.

Keywords
gastroenteric viruses - genotyping - nosocomial infections

 
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