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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 108, No. 7, 2013, pp. 936-938
Bioline Code: oc13157
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 108, No. 7, 2013, pp. 936-938

 en Molecular identification of Sporothrix check for this species in other resources species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil
Oliveira, Manoel Marques Evangelista; Maifrede, Simone Bravim; Ribeiro, Mariceli Araújo & Zancope-Oliveira, Rosely Maria

Abstract

Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii check for this species in other resources complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans check for this species in other resources , Sporothrix brasiliensis check for this species in other resources , Sporothrix globosa check for this species in other resources , Sporothrix luriei check for this species in other resources , Sporothrix mexicana check for this species in other resources and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ.

Keywords
Sporothrix brasiliensis; sporotrichosis; Espírito Santo; outbreak; calmodulin gene; taxonomy

 
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