Sandflies associated with opossum nests are reported for the first time in the yards of residences located in the urban area of the municipality of Monte Mor, situated in the metropolitan region of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Eleven specimens of Evandromyia cortelezzii
and one of Evandromyia lenti
were captured in two Didelphis albiventris
nests. Ev. cortelezzii
is considered a secondary vector species for the transmission of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis
and Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum
in the Neotropics. This association may contribute to the introduction, establishment and maintenance of urban and periurban zoonotic transmission outbreaks of Leishmania
and should therefore be investigated further.