Currently, sticky traps are regularly employed to assist in the surveillance of Aedes aegypti
infestation. We tested two alternative procedures for specimen identification performed by local health agents: directly in the field, as recommended by certain manufacturers, or after transportation to the laboratory. A total of 384 sticky traps (MosquiTRAP) were monitored monthly during one year in four geographically representative Brazilian municipalities. When the same samples were inspected in the field and in the laboratory, large differences were noted in the total number of mosquitoes recorded and in the number of specimens identified as Ae. aegypti
by both procedures. Although field identification has the potential to speed vector surveillance, these results point to uncertainties in the evaluated protocol.