Trypanosoma evansi is alike to Trypanosoma brucei brucei in the subcellular localisation of glycolytic enzymes|
Moreno, S Andrea & Nava, Mayerly
Trypanosoma evansi, which causes surra, is descended from Trypanosoma brucei brucei, which causes nagana.
Although both parasites are presumed to be metabolically similar, insufficient knowledge of T. evansi precludes a
full comparison. Herein, we provide the first report on the subcellular localisation of the glycolytic enzymes in T.
evansi, which is a alike to that of the bloodstream form (BSF) of T. b. brucei: (i) fructose-bisphosphate aldolase,
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, glucose-6-phosphate
isomerase, phosphoglycerate kinase, triosephosphate isomerase (glycolytic enzymes) and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
(a glycolysis-auxiliary enzyme) in glycosomes, (ii) enolase, phosphoglycerate mutase, pyruvate kinase
(glycolytic enzymes) and a GAPDH isoenzyme in the cytosol, (iii) malate dehydrogenase in cytosol and (iv) glucose-
6-phosphate dehydrogenase in both glycosomes and the cytosol. Specific enzymatic activities also suggest that T.
evansi is alike to the BSF of T. b. brucei in glycolytic flux, which is much faster than the pentose phosphate pathway
flux, and in the involvement of cytosolic GAPDH in the NAD+/NADH balance. These similarities were expected
based on the close phylogenetic relationship of both parasites.
detrended correspondence analysis; differential centrifugation; digitonin permeabilisation; haemoparasites; isopycnic ultracentrifugation; surra