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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 110, No. 8, 2015, pp. 956-965
Bioline Code: oc15130
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 110, No. 8, 2015, pp. 956-965

 en Exploring the environmental diversity of kinetoplastid flagellates in the high-throughput DNA sequencing era
d’Avila-Levy, Claudia Masini; Boucinha, Carolina; Kostygov, Alexei; Santos, Helena Lúcia Carneiro; Morelli, Karina Alessandra; Grybchuk-Ieremenko, Anastasiia; Duval, Linda; Votýpka, Jan; Yurchenko, Vyacheslav; Grellier, Philippe & Lukeš, Julius


The class Kinetoplastea encompasses both free-living and parasitic species from a wide range of hosts. Several representatives of this group are responsible for severe human diseases and for economic losses in agriculture and livestock. While this group encompasses over 30 genera, most of the available information has been derived from the vertebrate pathogenic genera Leishmania and Trypanosoma. Recent studies of the previously neglected groups of Kinetoplastea indicated that the actual diversity is much higher than previously thought. This article discusses the known segment of kinetoplastid diversity and how gene-directed Sanger sequencing and next-generation sequencing methods can help to deepen our knowledge of these interesting protists.

Kinetoplastea; metagenomics; metabarcoding; taxonomy; Trypanosomatida

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