In recent years, the strategy for the control of
schistosomiasis has placed increased emphasis on the role of
health education, public information, and communication.
This should, not only bring about specific changes in behavior
aiming at disease prevention, but also stimulate participation
of the community in health programs. Beyond this, it is
desirable that both community members and researchers should
seek better life conditions through a transformative social
action. The present paper adresses these concerns; first, by
critically reviewing some health education programs that
were developed in Brazil, and, secondly, by analyzing and
suggesting ways to improve this area.