This report deals with the identification of one
hundred and fifty-nine samples of nematodes recovered from
Brazilian egrets and herons. Contracaecum microcephalum, C.
multipapillatum, C. plagiaticium, Desportesius invaginatus,
D. longevaginatus, Desmidocercella ardeae, Eustrongylides
ignotus, Portocaecum reticulatum, Tetrameres micropenis,
Capillaria sp. Contracaecum sp. Portocaecum sp. Procymea
sp., Tetrameres sp. and Viktorocara sp. were studied The
genus Viktorocara and the species C. microcephalum, C.
plagiaticium, D. invaginatus, D. ardeae and P. reticulatum
are referred in Brazil for the first time.