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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 90, No. 6, 1995, pp. 765-768
Bioline Code: oc95153
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 90, No. 6, 1995, pp. 765-768

 en Triatoma infestans is More Efficient than Panstrongylus megistus in Obtaining Blood Meals on Non Anaesthetized Mice
MH Pereira; CM Penido; MS Martins & L Diotaiuti

Abstract

We compared the influence of bug density in the capacity of Triatoma infestans and Panstrongylus megistus in obtaining blood meal in non anaesthetized mice. The regression analysis for increase in body weight (mg) versus density (no. of bugs/mouse) showed that in experiments with anaesthetized mice (AM), no correlation was observed. In experiments with non anaesthetized mice (NAM) the weight increase was inversely proportional to density. The regression slope for blood meal size on density was less steep for T. infestans than for P. megistus (-1.9 and -3.0, respectively). The average weight increase of P. megistus nymphs in experiments with AM was higher than for T. infestans nymphs; however, in experiments with NAM such results were inverted. Mortality of P. megistus was significantly higher than that of T. infestans with NAM. However, in experiments with AM very low mortality was observed. Considering the mortality and the slope of regression line on NAM, T. infestans is more efficient than P. megistus in obtaining blood meal in similar densities, possibly because it caused less irritation of the mice. The better exploitation of blood source of T. infestans when compared with P. megistus in similar densities, favours the maintenance of a better nutritional status in higher densities. This could explain epidemiological findings in which T. infestans not only succeeds in establishing larger colonies but also dislodges P. megistus in human dwellings when it is introduced in areas where the latter species prevails.

Keywords
Triatoma infestans - Panstrongylus megistus - Triatominae - blood meal - non anaesthetized host

 
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