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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-8060
EISSN: 1678-8060
Vol. 91, No. 5, 1996, pp. 551-554
Bioline Code: oc96101
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 91, No. 5, 1996, pp. 551-554

 en Cryptosporidium sp. in Children Suffering from Acute Diarrhea at Uberlandia City, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Margareth Leit o Gennari-Cardoso; Julia Maria Costa-Cruz; Eliseo de Castro; Leda Maria FS Lima & Divino V Prudente

Abstract

This study's objective was to search for
Cryptosporidium  sp. in diarrheic feces from children
aged zero to 12 years and cared for at medical units within
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia or at a private practice in
Uberlandia, State of Minas Gerais,  Brazil, from September
1992 to August 1993. Three fecal samples preserved in 10%
formalin, were collected from 94 children. Oocyst
concentration was performed through Ritchie's (modified)
method and staining of  fecal smears for each sample (total of
1128 slides) was done by the "Safranin/Methylene Blue" and the
"Kinyoun (modified)" techniques. The Hoffmann, Pons & Janer
method was also employed to look for other enteroparasites.
From 94 children, 4.26% excreted fecal  Cryptosporidium 
oocysts. The infection seemed to vary according to age: 5.08%
of patients aged zero to two years old; 33.33% of those aging
eight to ten years (P}0.05).  Cryptosporidium appeared
in November, December and March, during the rainy season.
20.21% of the children harbored at least one enteroparasite
different from  Cryptosporidium, mainly  Giardia intestinalis 
(12.77%). From  Cryptosporidium  infected patients, two had 
only this kind, another harbored  Giardia intestinalis; 
the last one hosted  Strongyloides stercoralis.

Keywords
Cryptosporidium sp. - cryptosporidiosis in children - intestinal parasites

 
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