This report deals with the identification of 139 samples of nematodes
recovered from Brazilian jays. Viktorocara brasiliensis n. sp. is proposed
and compared with V. capillaris, V. limosae, V. charadrii and V. garridoi
which are the other species included in the genus. The differentiation of
V. brasiliensis n. sp. was based on the ratios between muscular and
glandular esophagus and spicules, as well.
Other referred species are Acuaria mamillaris, A. mayori, Aprocta sp.,
Cheilospirura sp., Diplotriaena americana, D. bargusinica, Oxyspirura
matogrosensis, Oxyspirura sp., Pelecitus helicinus, Procyrnea sp.,
Skrjabinura spiralis, Subulura papillosa, Synhimantus sp. and Tetrameres
(Microtetrameres) sp., with the establishment of some new host records.