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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
Vol. 3, No. 8, 2004, pp. 384-389
Bioline Code: os04002
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 8, 2004, pp. 384-389

 en Salivary biotypes of mutans Streptococci check for this species in other resources levels in schoolchildren aging 6-8 year old having a socioeconomic base
Denise Madalena Palomari Spolidorio; José Francisco Höfling; Edvaldo Antônio Ribeiro Rosa; Cássio Vicente Pereira; Daniella Moreira & Reginaldo Bruno Gonçalves


There is still little information on the mutans Streptococci biotypes in South America, specifically in Brazil, including regional and local information, associated to different socioeconomic categories. In this paper, the Streptococcus mutans levels and biotypes in Brazilian children aged 6-8 year old having a socioeconomic base was investigated. The sampling consisted of 200 selected children belonging to five different socioeconomic categories. Bacterial examination was made using children saliva diluted and cultivated in Bacitracin sucrose agar (SB-20). The plates were incubated by 48 hours/37°C at 10% CO2 in anaerobiose and after colonies growth samples identification was performed by biochemical tests. Results showed that 78% of the 491 tested samples harbored S. mutans, followed by S. sobrinus (11.6%), S. rattus (4.69%), S. mutans V (2.65%), S. cricetus (1.83%) and S. ferus (1.22%). The prevalence of Streptococcus mutans was found in every socioeconomic level. Among children harboring multiple species, the most frequent association detected was S. mutans/ S. sobrinus (17%).

mutans Streptococci, distribution, children, socioeconomic base.

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