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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 4, No. 12, 2005, pp. 659-663
Bioline Code: os05004
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 12, 2005, pp. 659-663

 en Periodontal disease in a rural community in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Débora Pallos Jussara Cia Sanches Loberto José Roberto Cortelli Sheila Cavalca Cortelli Daniela Martins De Souza Lucilene Hernandes Ricardo.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease and treatment needs in a Brazilian rural community, using the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). This study included 183 individuals who were clinically evaluated. The results showed that 45% of the individuals between ages 0-5 years had bleeding upon probing, and 34% of individuals ages 6-12 presented dental calculus. Among the individuals ages 13-18, 15% of pathological pockets were found with probing depth (PD) of 4-5 mm. However, among individuals ages 19-34, 50% showed a PD of 4-5 mm and 12.5% PD ≥ 6 mm. In the group of individuals ages 35-44, 17% showed PD ≥ 6 mm. Ninety percent of the individuals up to 13 years old needed only oral hygiene instructions. Dental scaling was indicated to 70% and 95% of the individuals aged 13-18 and 19-34 respectively. A more complex periodontal therapy was indicated to 17% of individuals aged 35-44. These results showed the necessity of the implementation of dental preventive programs to this community, especially to individuals under 12 years, and curative programs for individuals ages older than 13 years old.

Keywords
periodontal status, CPITN, probing depth, epidemiological survey

 
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