Odontogenic cysts - A descriptive clinicopathological study|
Luís Monteiro Jesus De La Peña Liliana Fonseca António Paiva Barbas Do Amaral
Odontogenic cysts are lesions that deserve every attention, mainly because of all complications they can cause. To study their characteristics, the authors did a retrospective clinicopathological analysis of 124 oral biopsies that were diagnosed as odontogenic cysts, in Hospital Geral de Santo António – Porto. Clinical variables such as age, sex, location, clinical diagnosis and histological diagnosis were studied. Inflammatory radicular cysts were the most commons (48.4%) followed by dentigerous cysts (21.0%), residual cysts (17.7%) and keratocysts (12.1%). The most frequent clinical manifestation was swelling (62.9%). Age appears to be related to the type of cyst, expressing the etiopathologic characteristics of each one. It is concluded that a definitive diagnosis is based on a triad of radiology, clinics and histology, which presupposes a tight cooperation between the clinician and the histopathologist.
oral pathology, developmental cysts, inflammatory cysts, jaw cysts, Gorlin syndrome.