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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 4, No. 14, 2005, pp. 801-805
Bioline Code: os05031
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 14, 2005, pp. 801-805

 en Effect of denture quality on perioral muscle activity during speech
Carla Moreto Santos; Mathias Vitti; Maria Da Glória Chiarelo De Mattos; Marisa Semprini; Helena De Freitas Oliveira Paranhos; Jaime Eduardo Cecilio Hallak & Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the electromyographic activity of the orbicularis oris muscle in patients using clinically inadequate conventional dentures before and after the insertion of clinically acceptable new convencional denture. Six patients, using inadequate dentures, were asked to pronounce the syllables PAH, BAH, MAH, SAH, FAH, VAH, MEE and the word MISSISSIPI. During this activity, we analyzed the Electromyographic activity of the orbicularis oris muscle. This was done before and after changing the inadequate denture for a acceptable new denture. A K6-I EMG Light Channel Surface Electromyograph was used (Myo-tronics Co). Results were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA, with 3 sources of variation (Syllables, Muscles, and Clinical Conditions). ANOVA revealed higher electromyographic readings in the mandibular fascicle of the orbicular oris muscle, as compared to those of the maxillary fascicle (F = 79.02; P<0.01). The comparison regarding clinical conditions indicated higher electromyographic values after insertion of acceptable new denture (F= 32.64; P<0.01). Clinical condition after the implantation of a new well-adapted complete denture revealed higher electromyographic activity levels than those measured with the use of maladapted complete dentures.

Keywords
denture, complete, electromyography, lip muscle

 
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