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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 4, No. 15, 2005, pp. 891-893
Bioline Code: os05035
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 15, 2005, pp. 891-893

 en Utilization of xylitol as a preventive substance in dentistry
José Roberto De Magalhães Bastos; Lucilene Sanches Cirilo Da Cunha; Ricardo Henrique Alves Da Silva; Fabíola Elias & Hilton José Gurgel Rodrigues

Abstract

Dental caries is an infectious-contagious disease of multifactorial origin, which requires interference in one or more of its etiologic factors for prevention. Within this context, the utilization of xylitol is highlighted, which was initially studied as a sugar substitute because of its similarity as regards the sweetening power and later was also employed in other forms for caries prevention and control. The purpose of this study is to describe, by means of a review of the specialized literature, how xylitol can be used as an anticariogenic agent, demonstrating its properties and possible mechanisms of action in the prevention and control of dental caries. Analysis of many studies on xylitol revealed that it is available in many forms: chewing gums or tablets, mouthrinses, or even associated to toothpastes. Its anticariogenic properties are related to the reduction in plaque adhesion, remineralization of incipient carious lesions, and specific reduction of S. mutans.

Keywords
dental caries, prevention, xylitol

 
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