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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 5, No. 16, 2006, pp. 977-981
Bioline Code: os06009
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 16, 2006, pp. 977-981

 en Surface roughness of acrylic resins processed by microwave energy and polished by mechanical and chemical process
Célia M. Rizzatti-Barbosa; Morgana N. Gabriotti; Laís Regiane Silva-Concilio; Fabio A. Joia; Cristiane Machado & Margarete Cristiane Ribeiro

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of polymerization methods (microwave energy - MW, and water bath - WB) and polishing techniques (chemical - C and mechanical - M) on the surface roughness of one heat-polymerized acylic resin (Vipi-Cril). Forty acrylic resin disk-shaped samples were made according to ADA specification n° 12. Half of samples were processed by microwave energy (500W for 3 minutes), and the other half by water bath (74±1 °C for 9 hours). After deflasking, the samples were trimmed with a sequence of abrasive aluminum oxide sandpapers of different grades (180, 220 and 400) and divided in 4 groups according to polymerization methods and polishing techniques: G1: MW+CP, G2: MW+MP, G3: WB+CP and G4: WB+MP. Surface roughness values were measured using a Surfcorder SE 1700 rugosimeter (Kosaka Laboratory Ltd, Kosaka, Japan). Mann-Whitney test (p=.05) indicated significant differences between polishing methods processed by microwave energy (p= .0018), and between polishing methods processing by water bath (p= .0002). Samples processed by both methods (water bath or microwave energy) showed smoother surfaces when polished by mechanical polishing method, and polymerization methods did not influence in surface roughness.

Keywords
acrylic resin, polishing, surface roughness, microwave processing

 
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