Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
Vol. 7, No. 26, 2008, pp. 1627-1630
Bioline Code: os08032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 26, 2008, pp. 1627-1630
© Copyright 2008 - Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP São Paulo - Brazil
Halitosis: a review of basic principles|
Machado, Naila Aparecida de Godoi; Strini, Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen; Carneiro, Mario Olavo Pena; Júnior, Roberto Bernardino & Neto, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes
Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodor, is the general term used to describe any disagreeable odor in expired air, regardless of whether the odorous substances originate from oral or non-oral sources. Bad breath can be detrimental to one's self-image and confidence, causing social, emotional and psychological anxiety. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the historical background, prevalence, social aspects and pathological causes of halitosis as well as the dental professional's responsibility.
halitosis, bad breath, oral malodor.
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