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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 7, No. 26, 2008, pp. 1627-1630
Bioline Code: os08032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 26, 2008, pp. 1627-1630

 en Halitosis: a review of basic principles
Machado, Naila Aparecida de Godoi; Strini, Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen; Carneiro, Mario Olavo Pena; Júnior, Roberto Bernardino & Neto, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes

Abstract

Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodor, is the general term used to describe any disagreeable odor in expired air, regardless of whether the odorous substances originate from oral or non-oral sources. Bad breath can be detrimental to one's self-image and confidence, causing social, emotional and psychological anxiety. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the historical background, prevalence, social aspects and pathological causes of halitosis as well as the dental professional's responsibility.

Keywords
halitosis, bad breath, oral malodor.

 
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