Dental caries experience in preschool children of Bauru, SP, Brazil|
de Carvalho, Fábio Silva; de Carvalho, Cristiane Alves Paz; Bastos, Roosevelt da Silva; Xavier, Angela; Merlini, Sabrina Pulzatto & Bastos, José Roberto de Magalhães
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate dental caries experience and prevalence in three to six-yearold
preschool children from three public kindergartens of the city of Bauru, SP, Brazil.
The sample comprised
283 children (142 boys; 141 girls) aged 3 to 6 years old. For data analysis, the dmft (decayed, missing and
filled teeth), Significant Caries Index (SiC Index), percentage of caries-free children, Gini Coefficient and Care Index
were determined. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used with 5% significance.
The mean (SD)
dmft index was 1.40 (2.63). Among the examined children, 63.25% were caries-free. The decayed component
comprised 77.28% of the dmft. The Care Index was 19.70%, indicating limited utilization of dental treatment by
children. The SiC index was 4.11 and the Gini Coefficient was 0.78 in the survey. The results showed that there were
no statistically significant differences in the prevalence of the disease between the ages and between males and
Dental caries experience and prevalence in preschool children were considered low in this
study and the occurrence of polarization of the disease was identified.
dental caries, child, preschool, oral health