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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 8, No. 4, 2009, pp. 185-188
Bioline Code: os09039
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2009, pp. 185-188

 en Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in preschool children in a recently fluoridated Brazilian town
Fernandes, Jocianelle Maria Felix de Alencar; Paredes, Suyene de Oliveira; de Almeida, Daniele Bezerra; Sampaio, Fábio Correia & Forte, Franklin Delano Soares

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and to estimate the treatment needs, in 4-6-year-old preschool children in a Brazilian town that has recently started a water fluoridation program. Methods: Children (n=127) were randomly selected and examined according to the WHO criteria. The children were examined in schools by calibrated dentists. The intra- and inter-examiner reliability of caries scores showed kappa values ranging from 0.81-0.95 and 0.8, respectively. Mann-Whitney and chi-square tests were used to analyze the results with 5% significance. Results: The mean ± SD dmft was 4.45 ± 3.9 (95%CI 3.76-5.41). The dmft index was mainly composed by the decayed component (4.18 ± 3.4 - 95%CI 3.57-4.79). Only 21.3% of the children were "caries-free" (dmft=0) and 62.2% showed dmfte"3. Fillings and pulp therapy were the most required treatments. Conclusions: The data collected in this study indicate that young children have high caries prevalence and many teeth needing treatment. In addition to the fluoridation program in the public water supply, appropriate health promoting strategies must be implemented to the most vulnerable age groups for controlling dental caries.

Keywords
dental caries, epidemiology, preschool, oral health

 
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