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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 10, No. 4, 2011, pp. 262-267
Bioline Code: os11054
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2011, pp. 262-267

 en Effect of light-curing units on gap formation and microleakage of class II composite restorations
Gomes, Giovana Mongrue; Bittencourt, Bruna Fortes; Pilatti, Gibson L.; Gomes, João Carlos; Gomes, Osnara Maria Mongrue & Calixto, Abraham Lincoln


Aim: This in vitro study evaluated gap width formation and marginal microleakage in Class II composite restorations light-cured with three different light-curing units.
Methods: Standardized cavities in the proximal surfaces of 36 human third molars were made with margins located below the cementoenamel junction. Cavities were restored with Filtek P60 (3M ESPE), inserted with a photocondenser tip and light-cured with three different methods: GI - Optilux401 (halogen); GII - ColtoluxLED (LED) and GIII -UltraLumeLED5 (LED). After finishing the restorations, teeth were subjected to a thermal cycling regimen of 500 cycles (5°C ± 2°C and 55°C ± 2°C), totalizing 500 cycles. Thereafter, the teeth were sectioned in a buccolingual direction and in the center of the restorations. Half of the specimens (18) were used to evaluate marginal microleakage, by measuring of dye penetration in cross-sectioned specimens, and the other half was used to analyzed the gap formation width by SEM observations (1000X). Data were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis (α=0.05).
Results: The mean values of gap width (µm) were: GI 3.28±3.34; GII 1.48±1.89 and GIII 3.11±3.45, and microleakage was not affected by the light-curing units.
Conclusions: There were no differences between the light-curing methods in gap formation and marginal microleakage.

composite resins, dental curing lights, polymerization

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