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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 10, No. 4, 2011, pp. 268-271
Bioline Code: os11055
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2011, pp. 268-271

 en Prevalence and microscopic features of enamel pearls from permanent human molars
Kaminagakura, Estela; Salmon, Cristiane Ribeiro; Fonseca, Douglas Campideli; Lopes, Maria Cândida Almeida & Tango, Rubens Nisie

Abstract

Enamel pearls are ectopic structures observed mainly on the roots of permanent teeth and could be related to periodontal diseases.
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of enamel pearls in extracted human molars and characterize their structures using light and scanning electron microscopy.
Methods: The study comprised 2,201 extracted human permanent molars. The teeth were analyzed and classified according to morphological features. The presence, location and shape of enamel pearls were investigated. Fifteen human molars with enamel pearls were embedded in acrylic resin and observed by light microscopy.
Results: Seventy-one enamel pearls were identified on third molar root. Microscopically, most pearls were composed of prismatic irregular enamel and normal dentin. The dentinoenamel junction presented an irregular course. The number of dentinal tubules was normal and they presented curvature to continue within the root dentin of the carrier tooth. Dentinal tubules below the enamel pearls were closer to each other.
Conclusions: Scanning electron microscopic analysis revealed that the enamel pearls were similar to coronal enamel.

Keywords
microscopy, electron, scanning, enamel, tooth abnormalities

 
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