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Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
EISSN: 1677-3225
Vol. 11, No. 1, 2012, pp. 47-51
Bioline Code: os12009
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2012, pp. 47-51

 en Clinical effects of supragingival plaque control on uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects with chronic periodontitis
Son, Andrea; Pera, Claudia; Ueda, Paulo; Casarin, Renato Corrêa Viana; Pimentel, Suzana Peres & Cirano, Fabiano Ribeiro


Aim: To determine the clinical changes occurred in chronic periodontitis patients presenting uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus after a supragingival plaque control period.
Methods: Subjects presenting generalized chronic periodontitis were divided into two groups: Non-diabetics (n=20) – healthy subjects presenting chronic periodontitis; and Diabetics (n=14) – subjects with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting chronic periodontitis. All subjects went through 28 days of supragingival plaque control - ST - (including prophylaxis, calculus removal, extraction of hopeless teeth and oral hygiene instructions) and were evaluated at baseline and after 28 days by the following parameters: Full-Mouth Plaque Score (FMPS) and Full-Mouth Bleeding Scores (FMBS), Periodontal Probing Depth (PPD), Gingival Recession (GR) and Clinical Attachment Level (CAL). ANOVA/Tukey’s test and Student’s t test were used for data analysis.
Results: No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) between groups were observed at baseline for any parameter. Both groups presented a significant reduction in FMPS and FMBS after 28 days (p<0.05), but no statistically significant difference was found (p>0.05) between groups. Clinically, only the Non-diabetic group showed a significant improvement after ST, in PPD of initially deep pockets (p<0.05). However, no change in the clinical parameters was observed in the diabetic subjects (p>0.05).
Conclusions: It may be concluded that uncontrolled diabetes mellitus reduces periodontal changes in the supragingival plaque control regimen of subjects presenting with chronic periodontitis.

diabetes mellitus, plaque control, chronic periodontitis

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