Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Helmet and maxillofacial trauma: a 10-year retrospective study|
Maliska, Maximiana Cristina de Souza; Borba, Marcia; Asprino, Luciana; de Moraes, Márcio & Moreira, Roger Willian Fernandes
Aim: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics
of the prevalence, type and treatment modalities of maxillofacial trauma according to use of
helmets by motorcyclists in traffic accidents.
Methods: Data was collected from patients during a
10-year period (1999-2009). Data recorded included demographic, etiology, diagnosis, type of
fracture, use of helmet, associated facial and general trauma, soft tissue lesions and treatment
methods. Data analysis included a descriptive analysis, Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: From 376 motorcycle crash victims, 260 had maxillofacial fractures with a male/female
ratio of 4:1 and a mean age of 26.1. Considering the helmet as a security device, 89 patients were
not wearing a helmet during the crash against 287 patients that were wearing it. One hundred and
sixteen patients had soft tissue lesions, 80 of them wore a helmet at the moment of the crash and
36 did not (p<0.05). The most frequently fractured facial bone was the zygoma (24%) followed
by the mandible.
Conclusions: Motorcycle accidents represented almost one third of all maxillofacial
injuries seen at this Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Division, causing high morbidity. Educational
campaigns, defensive driving and use of adequate helmets are necessary to decrease the
number of facial injuries in such accidents.
maxillofacial injuries, epidemiology, motorcycles