Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Piracicaba Dental School - UNICAMP
Vol. 12, No. 1, 2013, pp. 20-22
Bioline Code: os13005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2013, pp. 20-22
© Copyright 2013 - Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
Is depression associated with periodontal status in elderly?|
Viana, Leonel Ramonnd Ferreira; Castro, Consuelo Penha; Pereira, Hellen-Bry Wanderley; Pereira, Adriana de Fátima Vasconcelos & Lopes, Fernanda Ferreira
Aim: To examine whether the depression is associated with periodontitis in elderly and to evaluate oral hygiene of these patients.
Methods: One hundred and ninety one individuals aged 60 years or more were randomly selected. Periodontal examination was performed in full mouth by probing
depth and clinical attachment loss in 6 sites for each tooth. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index(OHI-S) per individual was also obtained. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) to show how the elderly have been feeling during the last week.
Results: Only SOHI was statistically significant (t = 4.7169, p<0.001), which better explains the variance in periodontal status. The variable GDS-15 revealed no significant values (t=0.3901, p=0.6971).
Conclusions: There was no association between periodontitis and depression in elderly, but there was association between periodontitis and oral hygiene.
depression; periodontitis; oral hygiene; elderly
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