Could idiopathic osteosclerosis have correlations with palatally impacted maxillary canines?|
Rodenbusch Poletto, Cesar Augusto; Itiberê, Claudinéia; Aparecido Ignácio, Sérgio; Kuriki, Lucilia; Motohiro Tanaka, Orlando & Camargo, Elisa
Aim: To investigate the association between palatally impacted maxillary canines (PIC) and
Methods: A sample of 54 subjects (28 females and 26 males, mean age
of 12.98±1.59 years) with PIC was selected from the records of 1,650 orthodontic patients treated
at the Discipline of Orthodontics clinics at the Dental School of the Pontifical Catholic University of
Paraná (PUCPR), in Curitiba, PR, Brazil. A control group of 54 subjects with normally erupted
canines was also selected from the same files (mean age of 12.93±1.58 years). Panoramic,
lateral skull, postero-anterior skull, periapical and occlusal radiographs, as well as stone casts of
the patients were examined. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test revealed a normal distribution of
gender and age in the groups. The results were analyzed with the Chi-square test (α=0.05).
Results: There were no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) between the groups. Four
patients from each group had idiopathic osteosclerosis (7.41%), a rate that falls in the prevalence
range reported in the literature.
Conclusions: No correlation was observed between palatally
impacted maxillary canines and idiopathic osteosclerosis.
diagnosis, tooth, unerupted, osteosclerosis